Organ Donation

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Organ Donation Chart

Cadavar Transplant Statistics

Eye Donation Details


After death,if eyes are donated,the front glassy portion of eye called-cornea-will be used for giving vision to the two unfortunate corneal blind people.Corneal blindness may be due to scarring as a result of various insults like injury,infection,inherited diseases.

Who can donate eyes?

Anyone except the following:

  • Death due to unnatural causes
  • Death due to/with communicable diseases like
  • AIDS
  • Rabies
  • Jaundice because of infective hepatitis
  • Septicemia (infection in the blood)
  • Death due to/with certain cancers
  • Lymphoma,Leukemia
  • Certain eye diseases
  • Eyeball cancer
  • Corneal diseases

Organ Donation

In 1994, the Government of India passed the Transplantation of Human Organs Act that legalized the concept of brain death and, for the first time, facilitated organ procurement from heart beating, brain dead donors. However, this concept has not caught on well in India for want of public education and awareness. This in turn is perpetuating the commercial sale of human organs due to the widening gap between the demand and supply. Thousands of lives are lost in India annually from heart and liver failure since transplantation of unpaired organs like heart, liver and pancreas is either difficult or impossible from living donors. This is only possible on a large scale if these organs are available from cadaver donors.

What is organ and tissue donation?

Organ and tissue donation is a way to help others, after your death by allowing organs or tissues to be taken from your body and transplanted in someone else’s body. It may save another person’s life. Organ and tissue donation is a way of “giving something back” to society. It costs nothing, it does not change your own life, and it can mean a huge improvement to others’ lives. Organ and tissue donation is completely your choice.

Why should you donate your organs and tissues?

Organ failure can strike anybody at any time as a result of illness or infection. For most people who experience organ failure, a transplant is their only realistic treatment option. If you die, your organs could help several people through organ transplants and many others through tissue grafts. For e.g. your liver could save the life of someone whose liver has been damaged through illness or accident. A person who is attached to a dialysis machine could return to full-time work after receiving one kidney. Every effort is made to save your life before donation is considered and donation does not disfigure the body.

Who can become a donor?

All individuals can indicate their intent to donate. Medical suitability for donation is determined at the time of death. There are no age limitations on who can donate. The deciding factor on whether a person can donate is the person’s physical condition, not the person’s age. Newborns as well as senior citizens have been organ donors. In persons under 18 years of age the parents or guardian must consent.

How to become an organ and tissue donor?

Indicate your intent to be an organ and tissue donor on your driver’s license.

Carry a organ donor card.

Most important, discuss your decision with family members and loved ones. Even if you sign a donor card, it is essential that your family knows your wishes. Your family may be asked to sign a consent form in order for your donation to occur.

What can be donated?

Organs: heart, kidneys, pancreas, lungs, liver, and intestines

Tissues: currently transplanted human tissues include bone, corneas, skin, heart valves, veins, cartilage and other connective tissues.

Bone marrow

When are organs donated?

Organ donation is only possible after death has occurred.

Following the consent of your family, the entire organ retrieval can take several hours. Blood testing and tissue typing also needs to take place before the procedure.

Families of organ donors are kept informed at every step. It is ensured that the retrieval procedure is over as soon as possible and causes as little disruption as possible.

Where and how does organ and tissue donation take place?

Organ donation always occurs in a hospital operating theatre, after death has been declared and the family has given consent. The incision is covered with a dressing, as in all surgical procedures. The body is treated with respect and dignity, and the family can view and spend time with the deceased afterwards. Normal funeral and burial arrangements can proceed. If a person dies in a hospital or nursing home, the family may be asked whether they wanted to donate tissues. If the death occurs elsewhere, the family should let the attending doctor know if this is what the deceased person wanted. This should be done as soon as possible after the death.

If the family consents to organ donation then the life-support machines will remain switched on. This will protect the organs for transplantation. The hospital staff may continue administering drugs to the deceased person in order to stabilise the organs. Without these drugs and a supply of oxygen, the organs would deteriorate rapidly and transplantation would not be possible. Surgery commences soon afterwards and may take several hours. Immediately before the organs are removed from the body, all mechanical ventilation is ceased and the heart is stopped. Once removed the organs are flushed with preservation fluid and specially packed in a cool chamber. They are then transported to the hospitals where they will be transplanted.

Can organs be sold?

The National Organ Transplant Act makes it illegal to sell human organs and tissues. Violators are subject to fines and imprisonment. Buying and selling of organs might lead to inequitable access to donor organs with the wealthy having an unfair advantage.

How are organs distributed?

Patients are matched to organs based on a number of factors including blood and tissue typing, medical urgency, time on the waiting list, and geographical location.

Cadaver Transplant

What is organ transplant?

When a healthy organ is taken from an individual who has died and transplanted in to the person whose own organ is not functioning properly.

Why is organ donation required?

Some times people suffer from irreversible organ failure and the only way they can recover or lead a normal life is to receive an organ transplant.

Who can be a prospective donor?

Any healthy person of any age group willing to donate his/her organs can become a prospective donor.

What medical conditions exclude a person from donating organs?

HIV and cancer (except localized cancer of the brain) normally exclude people from donating organs. Otherwise, the organs are evaluated at the time of death.

Which are the Organs/Tissues that can be transplanted?

The most frequently transplanted organs/tissues are Kidney, Liver, Heart, Eye, Skin and Pancreas.

How Can I become a donor?

You have to sign an organ donor card and carry it with you all the time. Let your family know about your decision, this will help to ensure that your wish is fulfilled.

Can any one donate his/her organ after death?

Organ donation is preferred in Brain Death cases, where Individual is still on life support in an ICU and the heart keeps beating. However, eyes can be removed even after six hours of death.

How do doctors tell the difference between brain death and coma?

Unlike brain death, coma is a state of unconsciousness. The patient in coma is medically and legally alive and may breathe without medical assistance. The brain still functions (and may heal) and there is blood flow to the brain.

Are transplant doctors involved in diagnosing brain death?

No. The diagnosis of brain death would be confirmed by four appropriately qualified doctors, who are not part of a transplant team.

Will the hospital hasten my death or not treat me as well if they I will be an organ donor?

As with any patient, doctors and nurses will fight to save your life to the best of their ability. Only after the patient is declared brain dead, organ donation will be considered.

Can organ donation really save somebody’s life?

Yes! The organ, which you donate, will be used to save somebody’s life.

What to do?

After the death of a person,counsel the deceased’s relatives;if they are willing inform nearby eye bank.

Eye balls have to be removed within 6 hours.

Till the eye bank team comes,the deceased’s eyes should be closed and wet cotton may be placed on the closed eyelids.

For further enquiries contact:

KG Eye Hospital:0422 2668954,2668961
Sankara Eye Hospital:0422 2666460
Aravind Eye Hospital:0422 4360400

Note: Eye Donation is a totally free service.

Myths Facts

There will be additional expenses for organ donation. There are no expenses for organ donation.

My religion does not approve organ donation. Religions support donation on the grounds that it is a gift of life to another person. If you are in doubt you should talk to your religious head.

I have mentioned my wish to donate my organs in my will so I need not do any thing else. By the time your will is read it will be too late. Signing your organ donor card and informing your family member is the best way to get your wish fulfilled.

My body will be mutilated after organ donation Surgery for organ removal is done as precisely as any normal surgery so your body will not be disfigured

Organ transplant is still experimental Organ transplant is no more considered as experimental. Success rate is as high as 90%

Bereaved parents donate boy’s organs

CHENNAI: A.P. Hithendran’s parents are grieving at the same time they feel a sense of fulfilment.

On Tuesday, S.Ashokan and Pushpanjali, took the bold decision of donating the organs of their brain-dead 16-year-old son.

Hithendran’s heart, kidneys, corneas, and liver were removed by doctors at Apollo Hospital, where he had been admitted, to be used on patients waiting their turn for a fresh lease of life. While the heart is already ticking inside a child at Dr.Cherian’s Frontier Lifeline Hospital, the corneas have gone to Sankara Nethralaya and the kidneys and liver were retained at Apollo.

Hithendran fell from his bike and sustained head injuries while trying to avoid an oncoming bus at Teachers’ Nagar, between Thirukazhkundram and Chengalpattu on Saturday evening. He was not wearing a helmet. Precious minutes lapsed as the boy, who could not be identified immediately by the locals, was brought home to his doctor parents more than 15 minutes after the accident.

“We were such a happy family,” Dr.Ashokan said heaving with sobs. “I thought my son would take care of me.” However, as both parents were doctors, well aware of organ donation, they decided to take a bold step. “We did not want to burn his body. We decided that his organs, at least, should help others. I do not want to know who gets Hithendran’s organs, but I hope they all survive and praise my son.”

The New Indian Express dated 6.10.2008

IN an accident near here in the wee hours of Sunday, two engineering students were killed when they were knocked down from their motorcycle by a van at Ammaiyarnagar in Karaikal-Po rayar road. And, in a moving gesture, the eyes of one of them were donated by his parents.

According to sources, Manikandan (22) of Kottucherry in Karaikal district, doing final year B Tech (Mechanical), and Praveen Kumar (19) of Ariyankup pam in Puducherry, doing first year B Tech (Mechanical) in a private college here, were returning on a motorcycle after viewing a movie.

When they were riding on the Karaikal-Porayar Road near Ammaiyarnagar, a speeding van that came in the opposite direction collid ed with the motorcycle. The van driver fled the scene.

As the accident occurred a few metres from the Karaikal Fire Station, fire and rescue personnel led by Fire Officer Kaliyamoorthy rushed to the spot and took the two students to Karaikal GH where they were de clared “brought dead”.

Karaikal town police have registered a case and are on the lookout for the driver.

Meanwhile, Chandrasekaran, father of Manikandan, requested the doctors to remove any organ from the body of his son that would be of use to others. Doctors removed the eyes and sent them to the Puducherry eye bank. Bodies of the students were handed over to their parents after post-mortem.

Hundreds of students from the college gathered at Karaikal GH. People of Karaikal appreciated the gesture of Chandrasekaran.

SALEM/CHENNAI: A second cadaver donation in Tamil Nadu within the space of a month took place on Friday.

K. Radhakrishnan, who was declared brain dead on Friday morning, was rushed to Chennai in a fully-equipped ambulance from the hospital in Salem where he was admitted. He was brought to Dr. Cherian’s Frontier Lifeline Hospital, wired to life-support systems and his organs were removed by surgeons at the hospital.

The family members of Radhakrishnan, 42, decided to donate his organs after he was declared brain dead. Radhakrishnan suffered head injuries during a road accident near Salem a couple of days ago.

Apparently, they were inspired by the gesture of the Ashokans who donated their 16-year old son Hithendran’s organs after the boy was declared brain dead on September 23.

Co-incidentally, Radhakrishnan and his wife Latha, like the Ashokans, are both medical professionals- while he was an operation theatre assistant in Kamala Hospital, Salem, she worked as a staff nurse in the same hospital. K. K. Rajagopal, a critical medicine expert of Kamala Hospital, who motivated Latha and other relatives to donate Radhakrishnan’s organs since he was ‘brain dead,’ told The Hindu that their best efforts to revive him had failed. “His brain, we found today, was dead,” he said.

After obtaining the ‘go-ahead’ from Latha, Dr. Rajagopal contacted Dr. Ashokan for guidance on how to proceed with the cadaver donation. He tried to call several hospitals in Chennai but found them reluctant to take up the case as the distance between Chennai and Salem was about 6 hours by road.

They struck it lucky with Frontier Lifeline in Mogappair. Dr. K.M.Cherian advised Dr. Rajagopal and his team to rush the patient to Chennai in a fully-equipped ambulance with Radhakrishnan immediately.

As with Hithendran’s case where Additional Commissioner Traffic Sunil Kumar facilitated free flow of traffic in the city so that the heart reached the recipient well before time, Salem City Police Commissioner N. Chenbaharaman also alerted the police stations on the way to provide security and ensure free passage for the ambulance carrying Radhakrishnan to Chennai.

While Radhakrishnan’s heart was used for a patient at Frontier Lifeline, his liver and one kidney went to Apollo Hospitals and one kidney was given to the government hospital.